Espresso Coffee

Espresso Coffee is our Blog No.8 . You will be equipped with knowledge about coffee.

As I was putting my thoughts down to write my next blog, I realized that I had not written about coffee or anything associated with coffee at all in my previous blogs. We refer to ourselves as a café but I had not talk about coffee which struck me as being a bit funny. So, I have decided to take this step to create one. Here it goes… enjoy!

This blog is intent on providing a bit of education on coffee and a meaningful awareness of some the terminology that you might encounter in a coffee shop/cafe. By doing so we hope to give some helpful information so that when you come to us or any coffee shop be it a Starbucks or any independent coffee shop like us with a passion for coffee.  You will be well versed with information needed to make the correct decision when choosing the perfect brew to satisfy your taste.

Some of the terms you maybe familiar with while others you may not.  Either way this might be a refresher or just a fun read.

First, what are the famous known types of coffees. Choosing your coffee is an important key to your good morning breakfast or any day. That being said we have to look at the two most popular forms in which it is served as Espresso and Coffee.

Just from the way it is served there is a noticeable difference. If you were to order a black coffee and are handed a shot of espresso, you’d probably be pretty disappointed—and vice versa. That’s because a cup of regular coffee (also known as drip coffee) is very different than a shot of espresso. But what makes brewed coffee different from espresso, after all they’re both coffees. Technically, both coffee and espresso can be made from the same coffee beans. The difference between coffee and espresso has to do with the preparation methods starting with the coffee beans. Regardless of the country that the Coffee beans are obtained from, commercially or farm grown the big difference is that espresso beans are generally roasted for a longer period of time than beans meant for drip coffee. Espresso beans are also ground on the finer side, more like sand than gravel compared to coffee which is a little larger and coarse. Open any commercially packed bag of drip coffee and compare it to espresso coffee.

What about whole beans ground at home? While the type of beans you use is important when it comes to the taste, the main difference between espresso and coffee has again to do with the way the coffee is prepared. Technically speaking you could use espresso-roasted beans to make drip coffee and dark roasted coffee beans to make espresso if you ground the beans correctly and used the right equipment. Just a little FYI there are many types of grinders available in both residential and commercial grades which in itself is a rather daunting task to review and would be a separate blog to be discussed in the future.

So, what do you need to make espresso? It sounds rather obvious and the answer is simple, but all you need is an espresso machine. Espresso, by definition, is a very strong black coffee that is made by forcing very hot water under pressure through tightly packed grounds of coffee beans. Hence the need for finer granules. The more finely the coffee is ground, the slower the espresso takes to comes out. Generally, for the best shot of espresso, it should take about 25 seconds for the water to pass through the coffee. Sometimes, the consistency of the grind is adjusted to control the brewing time. If everything goes well, what comes out is a dark brown, slightly thick liquid. That extraction process is what gives the espresso its signature layers consisting of a portioned shot of coffee at the bottom of the cup with a small layer of foam, or crema, at the top. Espresso must have foam and to any espresso aficionados the crème without the foam is a poor cup of espresso.

Now if you’re making a basic drip coffee, there are a few options for brewing. Unlike espresso the grounds are mixing with water for a longer period of time and therefore the grinds can be coarser than that of espresso. To make the coffee, you can use either the pour-over or drip method of brewing which is typically found in your home or a regular coffee shop or a restaurant; or the immersion process like that of the French press. Which ever method you choose the coffee you brew from these methods will generally have a milder flavor than that of a shot of espresso. Also, coffee does not usually come with the foamed crème. Surprisingly, a cup of drip coffee has more caffeine than a shot of espresso.

But I digress. So lets talk about Espresso.


They are two kinds of commercial coffee beans for espresso. Robusta and Arabica. Robusta beans are grown at low altitudes, they are disease resistant and economical, making a better tastier cup. Robusta coffee beans have a nuttier flavor when roasted and their taste is often compared to oatmeal. Un-roasted Robusta beans have scent reminiscent of “peanuts”. Many Italian espresso blends feature Robusta’s, primarily because they are inexpensive in Italy. Italians are well known for their love of coffee which they have mastered by incorporating these beans for maximum effect. Italian-style espresso blends have become increasingly available to consumers worldwide, we recommend that the coffee you serve be 100% Arabica. Arabica coffee are grown at dramatically higher altitudes and feature more desirable and pleasurable flavor characteristics. Depending on its variety, the Arabica bean’s flavor can range anywhere from sweet to tangy. When roasted, the Arabica beans have a sweeter and more floral flavor than Robusta that give off more fruit and sugar tones where as un-roasted, the Arabica bean has a sweet blueberry scent. My best advice would be to try various types, it doesn’t hurt. More choices make for a better understanding of flavour.

A good espresso is complex, well-balanced and typically roasted slightly darker than coffees designed for drip brewing. That said, there is a huge range of acceptable tastes, blends, roasts, etc. that constitute a good espresso. Try as many as you want but don’t necessarily base a final decision on your own preference – yours might not reflect other customers or consumers taste who you happen to share a cup of coffee or espresso with.

GENERAL TIPS: Coffee Lovers

  • Whole Bean coffee should be used within a week of its exposure to air, and never beyond 10-14 days. Depending on the type of packaging used, the “expiry date” could be one week from the day of roasting or from the day coffee is sealed in its vacuum-locked packaging. The coffee will not go bad but rather both the aromas and flavor will diminish and left long enough become stale. Be sure to check the manufactures notes on the coffee. Quality coffees often come in packaging that has a vent to breath hence the need to use it in the specified time frame. This differs from vacuum-locked packaging which lasts a bit longer.
  • Once, exposed, coffee should be protected from air, light, heat and moisture.
  • If you keep your beans in bins or drawers, clean them properly between batches. Use a clean, dry cloth (cotton bar towels are ideal) – no moisture or soap. Any dampness will sap coffee flavor and accelerate the coffee deterioration rate, while soap residue will taint it.
  • Never mix stale beans with fresh beans. It takes about 50 beans to brew a good shot of espresso, and only one bad one to ruin it.
  • Never put more beans in the cone-shaped hopper of your espresso grinder than can be used within 8 hours
  • Use ground espresso within one hour. During notably slow periods, turn off the automatic timer on your grinder (if you have one) so you can keep coffee grinding moderate.



Espresso Beverages. Listed below are some of the most common kinds of coffee you can find out there. Try each one, I’m pretty sure you’ll find what your looking for which will become your favorite go to. Sometimes its hard to spend your hard earn money on a bad cup of coffee. We suggest going to the grocery stores and independent stores that sells coffee beans, buy a few and prepare it at home. If samples are being offered try it, if you like it be sure to ask the person who served it to you how it was made. The preparation can often determine the quality of the coffee just as much as the bean.


A 1-ounce serving of straight espresso served ungarnished in a small demitasse, 4- 8-ounce cup. Made to drink immediately, straight espresso should always be fresh. You can also try espresso macchiato, with a teaspoon of steamed milk foam, or as an espresso con panna with a modest dollop of whipped cream. Solo means in Italian word as one, or a single shot of espresso, doppio means double or two shots of espresso.


A “restricted” shot of espresso – about ¾ of a full ounce, this is the first sweet burst of espresso when you are making it.


 A cappuccino is an ounce of espresso in a cup, topped with equal parts of steamed and frothed milk. Named after the fringe of hair ringing the heads of Italy’s capuchin monks. In Italy, the cappuccino is a morning drink for most Italians, they take their coffee with milk.

Caffe Latte

One of the very popular order in any café. This latte has a greater proportion of milk than a cappuccino. A 1-ounce serving of espresso, steamed milk up to the top of the cup, and a ¼” finish of steamed milk foam.

Caffe Mocha

One of the favorites as well. It consists of an 1-ounce serving of espresso poured into a cup holding 1 ounce of chocolate syrup, filled with steamed milk, and topped with a flourish of whipped cream. A very inviting introduction to the world of espresso.


As the name define itself “Americanized” espresso; 1 or more servings of espresso (the ratio for the menu should be your call, a matter of taste) diluted (hot water) to the strength of drip coffee. Dark, fresh, intense.

Caffe Breve

A latte made not with steamed milk, but instead by adding rich, steamed half and half.




Steaming Pitcher 


Every espresso machine operator needs commercial grade steaming pitchers to steam the milk. There’s different sizes to choose from 12 to 60 ounces. For better result its best to start with a one-liter or 32-ounce model. Get the high-grade stainless steel with a solid, welded on handle just like this one (add link here). Steels wears well.



Many of us uses thermometers to monitor proper milk temperature. Its very possible to achieve a desirable effect without this technology, everything takes practice to be an expert. The same is to said about preparing coffee. Use of milk thermometers will ensure consistency and quality, especially among newcomers to the art of brewing. A good thermometer comes with a clip attachment to be mounted on the side of the pitcher.  A thermometer should fit pitchers well, have a large and visible dial that does not get in your way. The most popular and practical range is 0”-220’F.

Spoon and Spatula


Any spoon and spatula will do. But as a good barista they don’t use one of these to spoon foam onto a latte, but to hold it back while pouring and then allow the foam into the drink as appropriate. The most common utensils are the large stainless serving spoons and plastic or rubber baker’s spatula.




Hand Tamper


A tamper is a small tool shaped somewhat like a mushroom that is used for packing espresso grounds into the portafilter to prepare them for brewing.

A proper tamp is applied from above, leveraging weight equal to about 50 pounds per square inch.  When you purchase your own machine, sometimes it maybe included as a free addition to the machine. However not all manufactures include this. Be sure to confirm that it has one. If it does not be sure to purchase it as well. Plastic tampers tend to break easily and it may affect the taste of your coffee. We suggest to purchase easy to hold anodized aluminum or ultra hard wooden versions of tamper for durability and ease of use.

Shot/Glasses/brew pitchers


This is a great debate which one is best to use for your liking.  Shot glasses vs. stainless steel. Brew pitches are also called “bell Cleaners”.

Shot glasses holds heat well. Using shot glasses allows you to monitor the quality of drinks visually, which should be done every hour or so whether you’re brewing in glass or not. Look for the variety with a visible one-ounce mark.

Shot timers


Have you heard the saying “time is an essence” Same thing when preparing your favorite coffee, that why shot timers are very important tool to remember if you go beyond what is required time you get an odd taste or bitterness to it. The purpose of the timers is timed the extraction of the pour, or pull of each espresso shot. Periodic use of timers, however is a good way to monitor extraction time and make sure the grind is appropriate. Buy a timer that counts up not down. The shot timers need to count up, starting when water first hits the grounds and ending when the pour of a full shot is complete. If you serve drip coffee and you want to keep tab of the age of the coffee on the pot the timer is good tool to use.




The knock box in other words is garbage container. Once you are done tampering your espresso coffee it goes here. It’s a stainless Steele box with a rubber cover bar across the middle, either sits on the top of the counter by the espresso machine. Good knock boxes use the same reinforced rubber that found in the auto industry to cover knocking bar, cheap hose gives long before the box’s life should end.


Condiment Shakers


Condiments are standard in all coffee shop. The most common is powdered cocoa , who doesn’t like cocoa? Cinnamon, nutmeg and vanilla. Try not to buy to small and too big condiment shakers not only can get messy when pouring if big and also customers might throw so much of what needed because anything too much it cant change the taste of the coffee. Just use some common sense when buying one too small might clog when in use too big it might pour a lot and just get some waste in the process.



Whipped cream dispensers


We recommend that you invest in a high-quality whip cream dispensers. There are some cheap ones you can buy in use but remember with coffee its all about timing and good quality materials when making it. If you are going to use it a lot a better dispensers like stainless steels is the way to go. A good dispensers yields superior whipped crea,, wont end up in a landfill. And is ultimately less expensive because it will last for years. Look for commercial grade dispenser.


Mocha Pump


To avoid spill and help controls sticky syrups and avoid insect to get attracted to buy about 25 of them to start.






Cleaning brushes


Brushes is a way to keep your machinery clean and when you make your coffee guaranteed to be fresh. Lots of cleaning brushes is good way to start a coffee in the morning.


Pour Spouts for syrups



Serving cups  


I’m pretty sure you see some of these in store but these are other tools to make your favorite espresso. Not every one can afford to buy expensive espresso machine. Here are some tools you can try if you are starting to discover coffee and espresso. When I tried making my own espresso, I can’t compare the quality of the coffee and espresso. The manual way, is way better use to prepare coffee. Well it really depends with you. If you have time and money please try the traditional way to prepare but if time is constraint and have a busy life then they are some coffee that you can try too.


Other ways to prepare your favorite coffee using the following tools.


French Press







StoveTop Espresso







Manual Drip Coffee








Commercial Espresso Machine








Residential Espresso Machine







I hope we have given enough information to somehow have some knowledge on what the coffee world has in store. Now that familiar items you see on any decent coffee shop you will recognized it and will be able to say a-ha  moment and say I know that one, from hillsviewcafe blog… ok thank you for reading . I hope I able to give some insight and help with this blog.,

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